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Thursday, November 19, 2009

Records to be maintained from transaction, Non profit organisation included, Suspicious transaction defined in amendment of Money Laundering Rules 2009

Notification No 13/2009/F.No. 6/8/2009- ES & G.S.R 816(E) dated 12th November 2009

Prevention of Money-laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 read with Rules is amended by Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records of the Nature and Value of Transactions, the Procedure and Manner of Maintaining and Time for Furnishing Information and Verification and Maintenance of Records of the Identity of the Clients of the Banking Companies, Financial Institutions and Intermediaries)  Amendment Rules, 2009

Rule 2(1)(ca) “non profit organisation” means any entity or organisation that is registered as a trust or a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or any  similar State legislation or a company registered under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);

Rule 3(BA) all  transactions involving receipts by non-profit organisations of  value  more than  Rs. 10 lakh, or its equivalent in foreign currency; Kindly note, Rule 3 deals with Maintenance of records of transactions (nature and value) by banking company or financial institution or intermediary. [thus, covering Charitable trusts, whether temples, churches or mosques, non-government organisations (NGOs), educational institutions or societies and other Non-profit organisations, even Section 25 Company – see definition above]

Rule 6  Retention of records of transactions– The records referred to in rule 3 shall be maintained for a period of ten years from the date of [the word CESSATION OF is removed] transactions between the client and the banking company, financial institution or intermediary, as the case may be.  [Hence, the 10 year period begins from the date of transaction itself].

Rule 2(fa)  “Regulator” means a person or an authority or a Government which is vested with the power to license, authorise, register, regulate or supervise the activity of banking companies, financial institutions or intermediaries, as the case may be;

Rule 2(g)  “Suspicious transaction" means a transaction referred to in clause (h) [which defines the term transaction], including an attempted transaction, whether or not made in cash, which to a person acting in good faith -

(a) gives rise to a reasonable ground of suspicion that it may involve proceeds of an offence specified in the Schedule to the Act, regardless of the value involved; or

(b) appears to be made in circumstances of unusual or unjustified complexity; or

(c) appears to have no economic rationale or bonafide purpose; or

(d) gives  rise  to  a  reasonable  ground  of  suspicion  that  it may involve financing of the activities relating to terrorism;

Rule 8 after sub-rule (3),  the following proviso shall be inserted at the end, namely:-

“Provided that a banking company, financial institution or intermediary, as the case may be, and its employees shall keep the fact  of furnishing information in respect of transactions referred to in clause (D) of sub-rule (1) of rule 3 strictly confidential.  [Thus, the records of transactions are made STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL!]

In rule 9,-
(a)   for sub-rules (1) and (2), the following sub-rules shall be substituted, namely:-

“(1) Every banking company, financial institution and intermediary, as the case may be, shall,

(a)  at the time of commencement of an account-based relationship, identify its clients, verify their identity and obtain information on the purpose and intended nature of the business relationship,  and

(b) in all other cases, verify identity while carrying out:

(i) transaction of an amount equal to or exceeding rupees fifty thousand, whether conducted as a   single transaction or several transactions that appear to be connected, or

(ii)  any international  money transfer operations.

(1A) Every banking company, financial institution and intermediary, as the case may be, shall identify the beneficial owner and take all reasonable steps to verify his identity.

(1B) Every banking company, financial institution and intermediary, as the case may be, shall exercise ongoing due diligence with respect to the business relationship with every client and closely examine the transactions in order to ensure that they are consistent with their knowledge of the customer, his business  and risk profile.

(1C) No banking company, financial institution or intermediary, as the case may be, shall  keep any anonymous account or account in fictitious names.

(2) Where the client is an individual, he shall for the purpose of sub-rule (1), submit to the banking company, financial institution and intermediary, as the case may be, one certified copy of an ‘officially valid document’ containing details of his identity and address, one recent photograph and such other documents including in respect of the nature of business and financial status of the client as may be required by the banking company or the financial institution or the intermediary, as the case may be.

Provided that photograph need not be submitted by a client falling under clause (b) of sub-rule (1).”;

(b)   after sub-rule (6),  the following sub-rule shall be inserted, namely:-

“(6 A) Where the client is a  juridical person, the banking company, financial institution and intermediary, as the case may be, shall verify that any person purporting to act on behalf of  such client is so authorised and verify the identity of that person.”;

(c) for sub-rule (7), the following sub-rule shall be substituted, namely:-

“ (7) (i)The regulator shall issue guidelines incorporating the requirements of sub- rules (1) to (6A) above and may prescribe enhanced measures to verify the client’s identity taking into consideration type of client, business relationship or nature and value of transactions.

(ii) Every banking company, financial institution and intermediary as the case may be, shall formulate and implement a Client Identification Programme to determine the true identity of its clients, incorporating requirements of sub-rules (1) to (6A) and guidelines issued under clause (i) above.

Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 can be downloaded here.   Click here for SEBI Master circular on Money Laundering.

Accordingly, all authorized persons are advised to furnish Suspicious Transaction Report (STR) to FIU-IND in respect of their money changing activities within 7 days of arriving at a conclusion that a transaction, including attempted transaction, whether or not made in cash, or a series of transaction integrally connected are of suspicious nature. The formats of STR, both manual and electronic, have been made available by FIU-IND in their website http://fiuindia.gov.in. [A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No.15 & A.P. (FL/RL Series) Circular No.02 dated November 19, 2009]

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